The total gross value added (GVA) generated by the Pharmaceutical and medical economy was around 2.0 billion EUR in 2020, which is 5.2% of the total GVA of the country and 4.5% of Serbia’s GDP. Observed by activities, nearly 1.8 billion EUR was created by human health activities (86.4%). The other activities have a negligible contribution. From 2016 to 2018, GVA's share of the pharmaceutical and medical economy in total GVA and GDP of the Republic of Serbia shows a downward trend, but from 2018 to 2020 shows an upward trend.
Export of pharmaceutical products in 2021 amounted to 283.3 million EUR which is 1.3% of total export but the export of these products is lower than the previous year by 3.0%. This industry is hiring 144.3 thousand workers (6.5% of total employment) while the most are employed in human health services (129.6 thousand). In the pharmaceutical industry in 2021 was operating 186 active companies and 5.8 thousand entrepreneurs which is in total 6.0 thousand.